Tuesday, September 23, 2008

Sworn Police Officers Per 1,000 Citizens

There has been much discussion recently about the ratio of sworn police officers per 1,000 citizens. All of the research that we have done in the past has shown that the national average is about 2 sworn police officers per 1,000 citizens. However, such ratios are not universal. Starting on the East Coast where there is often 4 officers 1,000, it dwindles to 1 officer per 1,000 citizens in some California cities. The large, lightly populated center of the country has the 2 officers per 1,000.

Why is there such a disparity? The answer is easy. On the East Coast many jobs that could easily be done by civilians are staffed by sworn police officers. This practice melts away as you head West. When you get to California, every sworn officer does police work. If a job can be done by a civilian , it is. If you pack a pistol, you are on the street.

The link below shows the ratio for the 200 largest municipal police departments that we surveyed three years ago. Check it out for yourself.

police officers per 1,000 2005 survey

Here is the list from 2005


Rank
Department
Officers
Population
Per 000
188
114,889
1.64
80
477
212,215
2.25
35
799
471,856
1.69
165
295
128,923
2.29
117
269
178,612
1.51
54
361
332,361
1.09
64
331
270,951
1.22
194
187
114,498
1.63
52
545
355,007
1.54
39
1,640
423,019
3.88
96
429
193,316
2.22
60
568
290,418
1.96
146
280
162,184
1.73
16
1,365
672,011
2.03
68
298
271,035
1.10
17
3,240
628,670
5.15
73
607
225,090
2.70
195
244
112,434
2.17
70

236,620

104
286
190,117
1.50
20
1,986
581,616
3.41
151

139,664

150
220
156,178
1.41
57
832
285,018
2.92
180
191
122,542
1.56
113
298
211,299
1.41
26
1,463
584,658
2.50
128
390
154,887
2.52
89
358
210,834
1.70
3
13,289
2,869,121
4.63
119
217
199,060
1.09
53
1,040
317,361
3.28
33
1,581
461,324
3.43
47
634
370,448
1.71
190
294
117,357
2.51
105
360
185,702
1.94
15
1,819
728,432
2.50
176
157
124,977
1.26
185
202
127,005
1.59
169
154
142,454
1.08
59
419
279,208
1.50
8
2,833
1,208,318
2.34
122
456
161,696
2.82
24
1,522
557,478
2.73
91
362
196,093
1.85
10
3,835
911,402
4.21
102
308
198,376
1.55
191
143
121,740
1.17
22
1,102
584,113
1.89
181
346
123,215
2.81
159
161
136,093
1.18
155
172
142,185
1.21
177
283
117,881
2.40
179
327
124,372
2.63
170
249
120,292
2.07
162
153
151,903
1.01
184
155
125,740
1.23
129
471
162,917
2.89
83
410
219,495
1.87
27
1,342
585,122
2.29
84
187
204,525
0.91
27
629
451,455
1.39
168
147
131,249
1.12
123
153
167,029
0.92
81
293
218,027
1.34
79
303
232,838
1.30
97
231
200,499
1.15
167
187
136,671
1.37
92
349
195,601
1.78
76
489
229,110
2.13
142
248
146,878
1.69
178
439
124,387
3.53
149
206
141,336
1.46
115
268
214,852
1.25
74
345
226,401
1.52
152
331
143,408
2.31
4
5,028
2,009,690
2.50
100
230
194,248
1.18
126
353
164,237
2.15
197
194
112,079
1.73
12
1,251
783,438
1.60
199
194
115,208
1.68
145
166
170,561
0.97
99
326
194,455
1.68
108

179,599

14
1,591
773,781
2.06
71
819
239,097
3.43
141
344
145,757
2.36
36
1,290
442,768
2.91
116
370
173,278
2.14
143
259
142,474
1.82
183
8,510
9,519,338
0.89
182

118,379

114
384
197,488
1.94
32
2,031
517,017
3.93
63
515
266,798
1.93
75
321
235,594
1.36
109
499
184,053
2.71
34
930
475,460
1.96
2
9,195
3,819,951
2.41
65
1,136
693,604
1.64
88
302
206,481
1.46
82
390
218,432
1.79
18
2,013
645,978
3.12
42
827
432,376
1.91
171
213
129,270
1.65
46
1,000
376,815
2.65
19
1,875
586,941
3.19
45
806
373,188
2.16
90
522
193,464
2.70
101
261
206,872
1.26
86
463
200,123
2.31
147
1,494
1,782,650
0.84
164
177
137,894
1.28
25
1,217
544,765
2.23
174
444
124,512
3.57
31
1,514
469,032
3.23
1
39,890
8,085,742
4.93
62
1,168
277,911
4.20
112
416
181,647
2.29
72
707
241,727
2.92
193
213
144,502
1.47
41
746
398,844
1.87
124
181
167,082
1.08
29
960
523,303
1.83
44
722
404,267
1.79
127
211
167,402
1.26
163
152
132,197
1.15
103
658
199,336
3.30
138
210
160,368
1.31
121
230
180,872
1.27
189
8,510
9,519,338
0.89
148

144,413

158
263
141,114
1.86
137
427
150,782
2.83
156
228
148,927
1.53
198
212
112,907
1.88
5
6,779
1,479,339
4.58
6
2,805
1,388,416
2.02
51
809
325,337
2.49
77
315
241,991
1.30
136
184
154,147
1.19
28
992
538,544
1.84
118
495
176,365
2.81
61
593
316,802
1.87
166
1,465
1,859,678
0.79
111
332
193,882
1.71
93
638
194,729
3.28
66
348
281,514
1.24
78
695
215,093
3.23
135
292
151,725
1.92
40
671
445,335
1.51
157
174
142,914
1.22
133
152
147,840
1.03
110
411
179,894
2.28
9
2,054
1,214,725
1.69
107
296
195,357
1.52
7
1,984
1,266,753
1.57
13
1,786
751,682
2.38
11
1,350
898,349
1.50
50
345
342,510
1.01
132
8,510
9,871,506
0.86
139
176
153,386
1.15
161
395
127,573
3.10
85
346
217,989
1.59
23
1,224
569,101
2.15
87
482
198,364
2.43
173
214
133,834
1.60
95
304
196,624
1.55
200

152,157

130
472
150,867
3.13
131
324
113,586
2.85
48
1,387
332,223
4.17
58
551
280,404
1.97
67
515
247,610
2.08
186

120,107

172
170
126,182
1.35
69
355
271,466
1.31
160
223
128,549
1.73
140
465
144,001
3.23
98
345
196,790
1.75
134
345
153,938
2.24
56
976
317,647
3.07
125
327
158,880
2.06
187
98
124,192
0.79
55
686
308,973
2.22
175
284
122,008
2.33
154
242
142,621
1.70
30
996
507,658
1.96
43
750
387,807
1.93
188
157
119,708
1.31
144
181
151,654
1.19
38
749
439,467
1.70
196
220
116,887
1.88
153
241
136,016
1.77
21
3,780
563,384
6.71
49
621
354,617
1.75
106
487
190,299
2.56
120
467
175,706
2.66
94
612
197,388
3.10